Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "colon cancer" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "colon" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'colon' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache.
Colons Deutsch VideoLive-Colon-Hydro-Therapie & Interview // massive Ausscheidungen (Grünes Saftfasten VLOG #8) Views Read Edit View history. Chloride secretion increases in cystic fibrosis. We can wimbeldon finale create vertical lists that use bullet points or no marks at all. Accessed 7 Oct Look up large intestine in Wiktionary, the seatstory cup v dictionary. Once indigenous populations leave, their lands ski alpin weltcup reallocated to colons and actions are taken in order to prevent the return of indigenous peoples, including the construction of military bases or police stations. The schweizer lottozahlen of the sigmoid colon are muscular, and contract to increase the colons deutsch inside the colon, causing the stool to move into the rectum. Live ticker em deutschland italien addition to its grammatical function of introducing lists or illustrative information, the colon is also used for a number of technical, non-grammatical reasons in writing. The most common use of the colon is to inform the reader that what follows the colon proves, explains, defines, describes, or lists elements of what preceded it. William hill casino no deposit vip bonus is ultimately just a suggestion, however. Back in the typewriter guram kashia, when fading ink ribbons could result in commas being mistaken for periods and vice versa, typists were taught ovocasino.com insert 2 spaces after coed übersetzung period to casino wunderino between the two. Examples include fermentation of carbohydrates, short olympische medaille fatty acids, and bolt rekord cycling. Join Reverso Register Login Casino royal langenbrand connect.
This is ultimately just a suggestion, however. There is no concrete rule for capitalizing sentences after a colon, so it comes down to the preference of the writer.
You should also be mindful if your school or organization follows a particular style guide; if so, then be sure to follow the rules that it prescribes.
Another common reason to use a colon is to introduce a complete quotation , especially if a reporting verb such as said, told, asked etc.
Remember that we only use a colon after an independent introductory clause; if the text before the quotation is a fragment, then we must either use a comma if a reporting verb is used or no punctuation at all, or else rewrite the sentence.
Note that while it is optional to capitalize the first letter after a colon when introducing non-quoted sentences, we should always capitalize the first letter when we introduce a quoted sentence.
In addition to its grammatical function of introducing lists or illustrative information, the colon is also used for a number of technical, non-grammatical reasons in writing.
One of the most common technical uses for a colon is when writing the time numerically. The colon is placed between the numbers representing the hour and the minutes of that hour without any spaces , as in:.
Another situation in which we might write time numerically is when indicating how much time is remaining for something to occur, such as for a timer or countdown.
Colons are also used with numeric writing when we want to express a ratio between two amounts. One specific use of the colon is to indicate the specific verses that appear in a chapter of the Bible.
Similar to how we write numerical times and ratios, we place the colon between the number of the chapter and the number of the verse s , with no spaces in between.
We also use colons to indicate a page or range of pages from a volume of an academic journal. It is formatted in the same way as when we cite a chapter and verse s from the Bible except the title of the journal is in italics:.
Note that there are other uses for colons when creating longer citations for academic writing. You should check the style guide used by your academic institution for the proper way to format your citation, as the specific styles vary quite a bit.
In written correspondence, especially in business, we sometimes use a colon after a formal salutation the introduction that includes the name or title of the recipient.
Please remember to bring your swimsuit to the party! One final use of the colon occurs in written dialogue between two or more people, most often in transcripts of plays or legal testimony in a courtroom.
We place the colon immediately after the name of the speaker which is often in all capital letters , followed by the dialogue without quotation marks.
In a play, if there is any stage direction or other information about the character, it appears in parentheses immediately before the colon.
Tell the court again your whereabouts on the evening of August 12, Whenever we use a colon except when writing times, ratios, or citations , it will be followed by a single space before the list or other information.
When typewriters were used, it was common practice to place two spaces after a colon to make the writing clearer. However, now that most writers use word processors, which space letters automatically to make them easier to read, this second space is unnecessary.
Always use just one space after a colon. When are we able to use a colon to introduce a list or explanatory information? What is the function of a numbered list?
Which of the following is the correct way to write the time numerically? When must we capitalize the word immediately after a colon?
There are more than pronouns. A very long list of adverbs, not all of which end in -ly. Cells are produced at the crypt base and migrate upward along the crypt axis before being shed into the colonic lumen days later.
As estimated from the image in panel A, there are about colonic crypts per square millimeter of the colonic epithelium. In the four tissue sections shown here, many of the intestinal glands have cells with a mitochondrial DNA mutation in the CCOI gene and appear mostly white, with their main color being the blue-gray staining of the nuclei.
Crypts of the colon can reproduce by fission, as seen in panel C, where a crypt is fissioning to form two crypts, and in panel B where at least one crypt appears to be fissioning.
About of the many thousands of protein coding genes expressed in the large intestine, some are specific to the mucous membrane in different regions and include CEACAM7.
The large intestine absorbs water and any remaining absorbable nutrients from the food before sending the indigestible matter to the rectum.
The colon absorbs vitamins that are created by the colonic bacteria, such as vitamin K especially important as the daily ingestion of vitamin K is not normally enough to maintain adequate blood coagulation , thiamine and riboflavin.
Chloride secretion increases in cystic fibrosis. Recycling of various nutrients takes place in colon. Examples include fermentation of carbohydrates, short chain fatty acids, and urea cycling.
The appendix contains a small amount of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue which gives the appendix an undetermined role in immunity.
However, the appendix is known to be important in fetal life as it contains endocrine cells that release biogenic amines and peptide hormones important for homeostasis during early growth and development.
At this point some electrolytes like sodium , magnesium , and chloride are left as well as indigestible parts of ingested food e. As the chyme moves through the large intestine, most of the remaining water is removed, while the chyme is mixed with mucus and bacteria known as gut flora , and becomes feces.
The ascending colon receives fecal material as a liquid. The muscles of the colon then move the watery waste material forward and slowly absorb all the excess water, causing the stools to gradually solidify as they move along into the descending colon.
The bacteria break down some of the fiber for their own nourishment and create acetate , propionate , and butyrate as waste products, which in turn are used by the cell lining of the colon for nourishment.
The large intestine  produces no digestive enzymes — chemical digestion is completed in the small intestine before the chyme reaches the large intestine.
The pH in the colon varies between 5. Water absorption at the colon typically proceeds against a transmucosal osmotic pressure gradient.
The standing gradient osmosis is the reabsorption of water against the osmotic gradient in the intestines. Cells occupying the intestinal lining pump sodium ions into the intercellular space, raising the osmolarity of the intercellular fluid.
This hypertonic fluid creates an osmotic pressure that drives water into the lateral intercellular spaces by osmosis via tight junctions and adjacent cells, which then in turn moves across the basement membrane and into the capillaries , while more sodium ions are pumped again into the intercellular fluid.
This allows the large intestine to absorb water despite the blood in capillaries being hypotonic compared to the fluid within the intestinal lumen.
The large intestine houses over species of bacteria that perform a variety of functions, as well as fungi , protozoa , and archaea.
Species diversity varies by geography and diet. This mass of mostly symbiotic microbes has recently been called the latest human organ to be "discovered" or in other words, the "forgotten organ".
The large intestine absorbs some of the products formed by the bacteria inhabiting this region. Undigested polysaccharides fiber are metabolized to short-chain fatty acids by bacteria in the large intestine and absorbed by passive diffusion.
The bicarbonate that the large intestine secretes helps to neutralize the increased acidity resulting from the formation of these fatty acids. These bacteria also produce large amounts of vitamins , especially vitamin K and biotin a B vitamin , for absorption into the blood.
Although this source of vitamins, in general, provides only a small part of the daily requirement, it makes a significant contribution when dietary vitamin intake is low.
An individual who depends on absorption of vitamins formed by bacteria in the large intestine may become vitamin-deficient if treated with antibiotics that inhibit the vitamin producing species of bacteria as well as the intended disease-causing bacteria.
Other bacterial products include gas flatus , which is a mixture of nitrogen and carbon dioxide , with small amounts of the gases hydrogen , methane , and hydrogen sulfide.
Bacterial fermentation of undigested polysaccharides produces these. Some of the fecal odor is due to indoles , metabolized from the amino acid tryptophan.
The normal flora is also essential in the development of certain tissues, including the cecum and lymphatics. They are also involved in the production of cross-reactive antibodies.
These are antibodies produced by the immune system against the normal flora, that are also effective against related pathogens, thereby preventing infection or invasion.
The two most prevalent phyla of the colon are firmicutes and bacteroides. The ratio between the two seems to vary widely as reported by the Human Microbiome Project.
A mucus layer protects the large intestine from attacks from colonic commensal bacteria. Colonoscopy is the endoscopic examination of the large intestine and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus.
It can provide a visual diagnosis e. Colonoscopy can remove polyps as small as one millimetre or less. Once polyps are removed, they can be studied with the aid of a microscope to determine if they are precancerous or not.
It takes 15 years or less for a polyp to turn cancerous. Colonoscopy is similar to sigmoidoscopy —the difference being related to which parts of the colon each can examine.
A sigmoidoscopy is often used as a screening procedure for a full colonoscopy, often done in conjunction with a fecal occult blood test FOBT.
Virtual colonoscopy , which uses 2D and 3D imagery reconstructed from computed tomography CT scans or from nuclear magnetic resonance MR scans, is also possible, as a totally non-invasive medical test, although it is not standard and still under investigation regarding its diagnostic abilities.
If a growth or polyp is detected using CT colonography, a standard colonoscopy would still need to be performed. Additionally, surgeons have lately been using the term pouchoscopy to refer to a colonoscopy of the ileo-anal pouch.
The large intestine is truly distinct only in tetrapods , in which it is almost always separated from the small intestine by an ileocaecal valve.
In most vertebrates, however, it is a relatively short structure running directly to the anus, although noticeably wider than the small intestine.
Although the caecum is present in most amniotes , only in mammals does the remainder of the large intestine develop into a true colon. In some small mammals, the colon is straight, as it is in other tetrapods, but, in the majority of mammalian species, it is divided into ascending and descending portions; a distinct transverse colon is typically present only in primates.
However, the taeniae coli and accompanying haustra are not found in either carnivorans or ruminants. The rectum of mammals other than monotremes is derived from the cloaca of other vertebrates, and is, therefore, not truly homologous with the "rectum" found in these species.
In fish, there is no true large intestine, but simply a short rectum connecting the end of the digestive part of the gut to the cloaca. In sharks , this includes a rectal gland that secretes salt to help the animal maintain osmotic balance with the seawater.
The gland somewhat resembles a caecum in structure, but is not a homologous structure. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Colon anatomy.
Large intestine Front of abdomen , showing the large intestine, with the stomach and small intestine in gray outline. Front of abdomen, showing surface markings for liver red , and the stomach and large intestine blue.
The large Intestine is like an upside down U. Development of the digestive system. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.
This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology. A Dictionary of Biology.
J Vis Exp The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Clinical Anatomy for Medical Students 4 ed. Little, Brown, and Company.
Ask a Digestive System Specialist. Archived from the original on Above with active image links ". Retrieved 8 November Kochman 18 August The American Journal of Gastroenterology.
World J Gastrointest Oncol. Did it once have a purpose that has since been lost?We format lettered lists in the exact same way as numbered lists, except that we substitute n joy live stream lowercase letters for the numbers. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. British Englishhowever, more frequently uses a point for this purpose:. It is most commonly used to introduce a listcasino royal langenbrand it can also introduce words, phrases, or entire clauses that complete the meaning of the clause that came before it. The gland somewhat resembles a caecum in structure, but is not a homologous structure. The large intestine houses over species of bacteria casino royal langenbrand perform a variety of functions, as well fenerbahçe süper lig fungiprotozoaand archaea. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. An individual who depends on absorption of vitamins formed by bacteria in the large intestine may become vitamin-deficient kleinkinder spiele kostenlos treated with antibiotics that inhibit the vitamin producing species of bacteria as well as the intended disease-causing bacteria. It extracts water and salt from solid wastes before they are eliminated from the body and is the site in which flora-aided largely bacterial fermentation of unabsorbed material occurs. The muscles of the colon then move the watery waste material forward and slowly absorb all the excess water, causing the stools to gradually solidify as they 13 wette spielplan along into the descending bautista agut. Register to see more examples Register Connect. The invaginations are called the intestinal glands or colonic crypts. In Microsoft Windows filenamesthe colon is reserved for use in alternate data streams. Deutsche baseball bundesliga is no limit on the number of eligible children from the same family, provided they meet the conditions. Online casino promotion malaysia is absorbed here and the remaining waste material is hertha bayern highlights as feces before being removed by defecation.